Mental disorders are a common and complex part of life, affecting millions of individuals around the world. With so many different types of mental health issues, it can be difficult to know what kind of disorder someone might be suffering from. In this article, we’ll take a look at what are the seven most common types of mental disorders and how they can be treated.
What Are Mental Disorders?
Mental disorders are conditions that affect a person’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior. These conditions can range from mild to severe and can become disabling if not treated properly. Some mental disorders can be linked to physical conditions, such as brain injuries or genetic diseases, while others are the result of a person’s environment.
1. Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety disorders are one of the most common types of mental disorders, affecting 40 million adults in the United States. Symptoms of anxiety can include excessive worry and fear, racing thoughts, rapid heartbeat, and difficulty sleeping. Anxiety disorders also include
- panic disorder,
- obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- social anxiety disorder
Treatment for anxiety:
Treatment for anxiety can include talk therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes.
2. Mood Disorders
Mood disorders are also very common, affecting over 16 million adults in the United States. These disorders involve a shift in mood, energy, and activity levels. Mood disorders can include
- major depressive disorder
- bipolar disorder
Treatment for mood disorders:
Treatment for mood disorders can include a combination of medication, talk therapy, self-care, and lifestyle changes.
3. Personality Disorders
Personality disorders involve an enduring pattern of behaviors, thoughts, and feelings that deviate from the expectations of the culture. Common types of personality disorders include
- paranoid personality disorder
- schizoid personality disorder
- borderline personality disorder
- narcissistic personality disorder.
Treatment for personality disorders:
Treatment for personality disorders typically involves talk therapy and medication.
4. Eating Disorders
Eating disorders involve extreme disturbances in eating behavior, such as
- binge eating
- These disorders can have serious physical and psychological consequences.
Treatment for eating disorders:
Treatment for eating disorders can involve a combination of talk therapy, nutrition counseling, and medication.
5. Substance Abuse Disorders
Substance abuse disorders involve the misuse of drugs or alcohol. These disorders can have serious physical and psychological consequences.
Treatment for substance abuse disorders:
Treatment for substance abuse disorders typically involves a combination of individual and group counseling, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and medication.
6. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common type of mental illness that affects children and adults. People with ADHD may have difficulty focusing, controlling impulses, and staying organized.
Treatment for ADHD:
Treatment for ADHD can include a combination of medications, talk therapy, and lifestyle changes.
7. Psychotic Disorders
Psychotic disorders involve a break from reality, often resulting in delusions and hallucinations. Common types of psychotic disorders include
- schizoaffective disorder
Treatment for psychotic disorders:
Treatment for psychotic disorders typically involves a combination of medications and talk therapy.
Symptoms of Mental Disorders
The symptoms of mental disorders vary widely depending on the type of disorder and the individual affected. Some common symptoms include:
- Depression or sadness
- Anxiety or fear
- Confusion or disorientation
- Lack of energy or motivation
- Difficulty concentrating
- Changes in sleep patterns
- Changes in appetite or weight
- Social withdrawal
- Substance abuse
Treating Mental Disorders
Mental disorders are often treated with a combination of psychotherapy, medication, and lifestyle changes. Psychotherapy, or “talk therapy”, can help a person identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors. Medication can help reduce symptoms and provide relief from the disorder. Finally, lifestyle changes such as diet, exercise, and stress management can help improve overall mental health.
Mental disorders are complex and can affect individuals in different ways. It is important to seek professional help if you think you or someone you know may be suffering from a mental disorder. Treatment for mental disorders typically involves a combination of medication, talk therapy, self-care, and lifestyle changes.